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MindSphere Web Components
Time Series Chart

The TimeSeries Chart displays a line graph of aggregated or raw time series data for the variables of a selected aspect during a specific date/time range. Based on the component's configuration (e.g. zoomDisabled, wheelZoom), the user can change the selected range interactively by dragging or zooming in and out.

A developer can select as data provider Aggregates or Raw. Furthermore he can select Auto, which switches automatically between the two modes depending on the timerange.

In Aggregates mode, the chart displays the first value, last value, minimum, and maximum sorted by timestamp for each aggregate and connects them by one line per variable.

In Raw mode, the chart displays the last 256 values. If there are more data points available in the selected time range, it is indicated by using a dotted line.

Time Series Chart

The TimeSeries Chart supports the following:

  • Data types long, double, int, boolean
  • Simultaneous display of variables from different assets and different aspects
  • String variables are shown with a symbol in the chart. The related value can be shown in the tooltip.
  • [Experimental] Manipulating the chart for your custom needs by using the chartOptionsFormatter


Time Series Chart





Name Type Corresponding attribute Default Description Allowed Values
additionalAggregates boolean additional-aggregates false Loads additional aggregates data from backend to prepend and append them on the chart if set to true.
context string context Configures the context of the component. See also here.
dataProvider ChartDataProvider data-provider Auto Specifies the behavior which time-series-api should be accessed.
In Auto mode the chart switches to TimeSeries mode if the date range is less then 2 minutes.
- Auto
- Aggregates
- TimeSeries
dateRange TimeZoneDateRange Specifies the date range using from and to properties.
dragMode ChartDragMode drag-mode Move Specifies the behavior when dragging. Via Select zooming into specified area is triggered.
With Move the chart can be moved while dragging.
- Move
- Select
errorNotification boolean error-notification Enables error control if an error is thrown. This can be used for debug purposes.

For productive use, the error event should be caught and handled in the application. See also here.
highlightMode boolean highlight-mode false If true, enables highlighting lines on chart for double, long and integer variable types.
legendDisabled boolean legend-disabled false Disables legend for the chart if true.
locale string locale Specifies the locale in which the component is displayed.
The locales en and de are provided by default.
See also here.
localeManager LocaleManager Returns a LocaleManager object.

This can be used to add locales or to get the locale settings. See also here.
model IDataModel Returns an object for data model handling, refer to IDataModel model.
sharedAssets boolean shared-assets false Specifies whether shared assets from other tenants are supported.
timeZone TimeZone time-zone Specifies the selected time zone.
variablePaths TimeSeriesPath Specifies an array of objects which defines the variables to be displayed in the chart. Refer to the snippets below.
variablesLimit number variables-limit undefined Specifies the allowed variables count limit. If the limit is exceeded error-event will be triggered with the
information, which variables could not be added.
variableStyleOptions VariableStyleOption[] Specifies the color, line style and symbol of specific variables displayed in the chart.
view IChartViewModel Returns an object for view handling, refer to IChartViewModel model.
wheelZoom boolean wheel-zoom false Enables zoom control by mouse wheel if true. Otherwise, the control key must be pressed for zooming.
Requires that zoom-disabled is false.
zoomDisabled boolean zoom-disabled false Disables zooming for the chart if true.


Name Type Description
dateRangeChanged EventEmitter<IDateRange> Triggered when the date range changes, e.g. when the user zooms or moves inside the chart.
aggregationLevelChanged EventEmitter<AggregationLevelInfo> Triggered when the aggregation level changes - also triggered if chart switches to use raw time series data.
connected EventEmitter<any> Triggered after the component is created, initialized and appended to the DOM tree.
error EventEmitter<MdspUiError> Triggered when an error occurs in the component or while accessing APIs. See also here.


  interface IDateRange {
     from: Date;
     to: Date;
interface IDataModel {
  // forces reload of data // forces reload of data, e.g. re-loading the chart
  refresh(): void;
interface IViewModel {
  refresh(): void;
interface IChartViewModel extends IViewModel {
    readonly chartInstance: ECharts;
    chartOptionsFormatter: (chartOptions: EChartsCustomOptions) => {};
interface AggregationLevelInfo {
  level?: string;
  levelTranslated?: string;
  value?: number;
enum ChartLineMode {
    linear = 'linear',
    noLine = 'noLine',
    stepStart = 'stepStart',
    stepMiddle = 'stepMiddle',
    stepEnd = 'stepEnd',
    smooth = 'smooth',
enum ChartSymbol {
    circle = 'circle',
    rectangle = 'rectangle',
    triangle = 'triangle',
    diamond = 'diamond',
    emptyCircle = 'emptyCircle',
    emptyRectangle = 'emptyRectangle',
    emptyTriangle = 'emptyTriangle',
    emptyDiamond = 'emptyDiamond',


  • For performance reasons, it is recommended to limit the number of variables displayed in the TimeSeries Chart to 10.


  • mdsp:core:iot.tsaUser (IoT Aggregates API V4 is used)
  • mdsp:core:iot.timUser (IoT TimeSeries API is used)


Display all Variables of an Aspect

You can either pass an object to specify the aspect or provide the full path.

timeSeriesChart.variablePaths = [
   // Show all variables of a given aspect
      assetId: '89bba0c1e19c4884bce75d8bcc3773e5',
      aspectName: 'AspectNameX'
timeSeriesChart.variablePaths = [
   // Convenient Syntax: write the path to the assetId/aspect

Display Specific Variables

You can either pass an object to specify the variables to be displayed or provide the full path.

timeSeriesChart.variablePaths = [
   // Show specific variables of an aspect
      assetId: 'f9f1ff3ccaa1401a98cf37d0c9144c7e',
      aspectName: 'AspectNameX',
      variables: ['VariableName1', ...,'VariableNameN']
timeSeriesChart.variablePaths = [
   // Convenient Syntax: write the path to the assetId/aspect/variableName1&variableName2.. etc.

Update the Variables using an Aspect Variable Selector

Use the event triggered by an Aspect Variable Selector to update the variables to be displayed in the Time Series Chart. A more detailed code sample is given here.

aspectVariableSelectorComp.addEventListener('selectedAspectsAndVariablesChanged', function (eventParams) {
            timeSeriesChart.variablePaths = eventParams.detail;

Change the Timestamp Format in the Overlay

const timeSeriesChart = document.querySelector('mdsp-time-series-chart');
const localeSettings = chartComp.localeManager.getLocaleSettings();
localeSettings.tooltipTimestampFormat = "DD MM YY HH:mm:ss.SSS";
timeSeriesChart.localeManager.addLocale("en-custom", localeSettings);
timeSeriesChart.locale = "en-custom";

Custom overlay

Change the variable name in the chart using an alias for a variable

const timeSeriesChart = document.querySelector('mdsp-time-series-chart');
timeSeriesChart.variablePaths = [{
   assetId: '730540babbb44fe58f24cc71c04fd1fc',
   aspectName: 'aspect_pump',
   variables: [{
      name: 'MotorCurrent',
      alias: 'Motor current which needs a very special alias name'

Setting an alias name

Change the drag mode of the Time Series Chart

<mdsp-time-series-chart drag-mode="Select"></mdsp-time-series-chart>

Drag mode Select allows the user to drag and select an area in order to zoom into the chart. Drag mode Move will move the chart while dragging.

Drag mode Select in the chart

Select the data provider of the Time Series Chart

The Time Series Chart supports 3 different modes for the data providers

  1. Auto: Switches automatically to TimeSeries mode if the date range is less then 2 minutes
  2. Aggregates: Shows data of IoT Aggregates V4 API. The aggregation level is currently chosen depending on the selected time range.
  3. TimeSeries: Shows data of IoT TimeSeries V3 API. Due to performance reasons, only the last 256 values in the selected time range. If there is more data detected, the line will be displayed in a dotted style to indicate that a user can zoom in to get more data.

<mdsp-time-series-chart data-provider="TimeSeries"></mdsp-time-series-chart>
Raw data view in the chart

Manipulating the chart


The following feature is experimental and require knowledge about the ECharts library.

You need more and want for example manipulating the chart to draw a separate line or change the look of the chart? The chartOptionsFormatter can be used to achieve that. Via this property you get access to the ECharts functionality which is used in the background.

In the following example a simple trend line is added to the chart, which just draw a separate line from the first to the last value of a given series.
About the different attributes and their possibilities you can learn in the official ECharts-documentation.

document.querySelector('mdsp-time-series-chart').view.chartOptionsFormatter = (c) => {

    // Example:
    // - push to series property a new entry like the following
    // - adjust id to be unique from the already existing ids
    // - define the name
        "id": "840d8a440128428eb16fc7bed9fcc40d/All/Long_SIMPLE_Trendline",
        "name": "SIMPLE_Trendline",
        "type": "line",
        "showSymbol": true,
        "hoverAnimation": true,
        "xAxisIndex": 0,
        "data": [
            c.series[0].data[c.series[0].data.length - 1]
        "animation": true,
        "animationDuration": 0,
        "color": "rgb(255,0,0)",
        "seriesType": "line",
        "itemStyle": {
            "normal": {
                "lineStyle": {},
                "color": "rgb(255,0,0)"
        "yAxisIndex": 0
    }); = ["Inside", "SIMPLE_Trendline"];

Using the chartOptionsFormatter

Using different line modes in the chart

With the following snippet the time-series-chart can be changed to use a step line. Also other different line mode can be used.

    var chartComponent = document.querySelector('mdsp-time-series-chart');
    chartComponent.variableStyleOptions = [{
        variablePath: 'myAssetId/myAspectName/myVariableName', // to be replaced
        lineMode: 'stepStart',

Line mode stepStart

Using symbols in the chart without a line and different color

Sometimes only the data points are interesting without drawing a line - also the color can be adapted using variableStyleOptions.

    var chartComponent = document.querySelector('mdsp-time-series-chart');
    chartComponent.variableStyleOptions = [{
        variablePath: 'myAssetId/myAspectName/myVariableName',  // to be replaced
        lineMode: 'noLine',
        symbol: 'emptyDiamond',
        symbolSize: 10,
        color: {red: 125, green: 0, blue: 0}
Line mode noLine showing symbols

Using custom limits for the y-axis

By default, the y-axis are scaling to the min and max values of the current loaded data. In case you need custom limits, e.g. to avoid scaling of the chart in case of high peaks, you can configure the limits of the chart.

    var chartComponent = document.querySelector('mdsp-time-series-chart');
    chartComponent.chartStyleOptions = {
        viewMode: "Stacked",
        crossRuler: true,
        scaleOptions: {
            "scale_1": {
                valueRange: {
                    min: -100,
                    max: 100,
            "scale_2": {
                valueRange: {
                    min: -10,
                    max: 10,
Custom limit of y-axis

If there is only on scale (y-axis), you can configure the limit of the default y-axis like this:

    var chartComponent = document.querySelector('mdsp-time-series-chart');
    chartComponent.valueRange = {
        min: -100,
        max: 100,

Highlight variables while hovering

Differentiate between multiple lines in the chart by hovering over a specific line:

    var chartComponent = document.querySelector('mdsp-time-series-chart');
    chartComponent.highlightMode = true;
Highlight variables

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Last update: November 22, 2021